SABUJA ODISHA MISSION:
The objectives of this mission are to increase the green cover of the State by increasing the area under forest & tree cover with increasing the density (canopy coverage) of the existing forest & tree cover;
- Plantation of suitable indigenous species to enhance the quality of the growing stock;
- Conserve and regenerate bamboo forests;
- Cover all rural and urban roads under avenue plantation;
- Augmentation and sustainable management of medicinal plants;
- Raise suitable species of fuel, fodder, small timber, and other soft and hardwood species to meet the demands of the domestic and industrial sector and to reduce the biotic pressure on natural forests.
Activities under taken under the mission include:
- Block Plantation (AR)
- Assisted Natural Regeneration (ANR)
- Avenue Plantation
- Urban Plantation
- Seedlings raised for distribution to public
- Seedlings raised for plantation under all schemes
COMPONENTS OF THE MISSION:
1. Afforestation Programme under Increasing Green Cover (State Plan)
a. Bamboo Plantation Programme: Odisha Bamboo Development Agency (OBDA) has started in the year 2006-07 to promote the bamboo sector in the State with special focus on commercial plantation of bamboo in private land, promoting sustainable livelihood for tribal and rural poor with special emphasis on women empowerment through bamboo plantation and value addition.9 as regards setting of nurseries and production of bamboo rhizomes. During 2008-09, Rs 27.30 lakh was utilized for production of 3.29 lakh rhizomes and other supportive activities. The year wise physical and financial achievements:
|Year||Area covered (in Ha.)||Amount spent (Rs. in Lakh)|
b. Urban Plantation: The scheme was initially implemented in and around Bhubaneswar City areas during the year 2007-08 to create green pool in crowed urban areas. Further , the scheme was introduced in other important cities/ towns of the State with the involvement and co–ordination of OFDC Ltd., concerned Forest Divisions and corporate Sectors.
|YEAR||No of Seedlings Planted ( in Lakhs)|
c. Avenue Plantation: Avenue Plantation as a new scheme has been introduced during 2012–13 under the State Plan to create a green belt along both sides of the State's National Highways, State Highways, District & Panchayet roads for providing environmental services, shelter during summer and rains, reducing vehicular pollution, etc.. During the Financial year 2012-13, 615 Row Kilometer of Avenue Plantation have been raised with a budget of Rs. 200.00 lakh was utilized. Similarly, during 2013–14, 1000 Row Kilometer of Avenue Plantation has been rasied with a budget of Rs. 900.00 lakh.
|Year||Row KM||Budget outlay including maintenance of old Plantations (in Lakh)|
d. Economic Plantation: Block Plantation of economically important species and assisted natural regeneration is taken up under this scheme normally in reserve forest areas. During 2013–14, an area of 2100 hectare has been covered.
e. Bald Hill Plantation: The districts of Khordha, Jajpur, Ganjam, Koraput, Sundargarh and Kalahandi are dotted with many bald hills devoid of any vegetation. Under this scheme, special planting technique is adopted for re–vegetation of bald hills. The scheme was started during 2009–10 and by 2012–13, 1568ha bald hills have been afforested. During the year 2013–14, plantation over 600ha of bald hills has been taken up under State plan. Further, 1,000 hectare of bald hill plantations have been taken up under the scheme “CAMPA” during the year 2013–14.
f. Plantation of Medicinal Plant at Patrapada: A medicinal plant knowledge centre at Patrapada, Bhubaneswar has been developed for enhancement of knowledge in respect of medicinal plant species. 311 species of medicinal plants have been assembled in the Demonstration plots of the centre.
g. Maintenance of Permanent Nurseries: To ensure availability of quality planting material (QPM), this scheme was introduced during 2012–13. 264 permanent nurseries have been established in the State so far. 46.31 lakh seedlings have been raised and maintained during 2013–14 and further–115.89 lakh seedlings will be raised for 2014–15.
h. Agro Forestry: The objective of this new scheme is to increase tree cover outside forests i.e. in agricultural land of the people. The scheme has been introduced in the year 2013–14 with a target of distribution of 2.5 crore saplings to the farmers in the State for plantation.
i. Conservation of Sacred Groves: The scheme has been implemented during the current year. The activities taken up under this scheme include- documentation of the sacred groves with signage and plantation of indigenous species as per the availability of land and requirement of local community. 200 sites have been selected to be included under this scheme during 2014–15.
j. Popularization of Fuel–efficient Chullahs: To reduce the pressure on forest and high dependency of the people on firewood, this new scheme is introduced in forest fringe villages for popularizing use of low cost locally made indigenous fuel efficient smokeless chullahs. In the year 2013–14 , 1000 units have been introduced in 36 Divisions.
2. Afforestation Programme under 13th Finance Commission Grants:
Scientific and planned management of forest is carried out following prescriptions of the working plans/forest management plans. The 13th Finance commissions have recommended Rs. 330.96 crore grant for maintenance and management of forests of the State for the period 2010–11 to 2014–15. Activities undertaken out of 13th FC Grants includes:
- Subsidiary silvicultural operations in Selection/ Improvement Working circles; Simultaneous silvicultural operations in Bamboo Working circle; Plantation inside Working Plan area; Plantation outside Working Plan area; Distribution of saplings to beneficiaries for planting outside forest area; Inventorization of NTFPs; Strengthening of forest protection through incentive based prevention and control of forest fire and Forestry Research as per the approved Action Plan. There is a budget provision of Rs.81.46 crore for the year 2013–14 under 13th FC Grants.
- Out of the above grants, Rs.5.20 crore per year during 2010–11 and 2011–12 and Rs. 10.40 crore per year from 2012–13 to 2014–15 are allocated for wildlife management and implementation of management plans of the protected area.
3. Plantation under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)
Since implementation of the scheme in forestry sector, a total area of 88,819 hectare has been covered under afforestation programme. Besides, avenue plantation over 7,147 RKM and creation of 228 water bodies has also been taken up. The year wise afforestation programme taken up and the amount utilized under MGNREGS up to 2013–14 (31.12.2013):
||Area afforested (In ha.)||Avenue Plantation taken up (in RKM)||Water bodies created (in nos.)||Amount utilized (Rs. in lakh)|
4. National Afforestation Programme (NAP) (Central Plan):
Government of India have adopted the integrated approach for forest conservation and development of community living in forest fringe through a 3 tier institutional set up i.e. State Forest Development Agency (SFDA) at State Level, Forest Development Agency (FDA) at Division Level & Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMCs) at village level.
In Odisha, 46 FDAs have been formed in 46 divisions and NAP has been implemented involving 3918 Vana Surakshya Samities/Eco-Development Committees. Since 10th plan period up to 2014, a total of 1,20,929 hectare area has been afforested.
5. National Bamboo Mission (Central Plan):
Odisha Bamboo Development Agency (OBDA) has been formed to promote the bamboo sector in the State with special focus on commercial plantation of bamboo in private land, promoting sustainable livelihood for tribal and rural poor with special emphasis on women empowerment through bamboo plantation and value addition. Since inception in 2006-07 till January, 2014 bamboo plantation over 9,755 hectare, both in the Government and Private land has been achieved through various agencies.
The major achievement of the OBDA during 2013-14 includes revival of 61 old Nurseries, establishment of a centralized Nursery in Bhubaneswar (Patrapada), raising Bamboo Plantation over 885 ha in forest area, 325 ha in private land, and 305 ha in non-forest Government land; improvement of 52 ha of existing stock in private land, provision of micro irrigation for 5.5 ha of private land, organization of 14 farmers training workshops, 1 Artisan Training Camp and establishment of a Common Facility Centre (CFC) at Gurujanguli, Kankadahad block of Dhenkanal District.
6. Industrial Belt Plantation:
The objective of industrial plantation is to ameliorate local temperature due to industrialization and reduce the impact on environmental pollution. So far, 710 ha of Industrial plantation have been taken up in Jharsuguda and Angul Districts since 2008-09.
7. Jagannath Bana PrakaIpa:
Jagannath Bana Prakalpa scheme was started in the year 2000–01 to plant tree species- Phasi, Asan, Dhaura, Simul, Gambhar, Mahaneem for augmenting the supply of timber required for the Chariot of Lord Jagannath. Under this scheme, plantations have been raised over 2326.34 hectare area in 9 forest divisions situated in the proximity of river Mahanadi. Active involvement of local communities in preservation and protection of plantations raised under Jagannath Bana Prakalpa is noteworthy.
8. Compensatory Afforestation:
Compensatory afforestation is taken up against forest land diverted for non–forestry activities in accordance with the stipulation laid down in the diversion proposal approval. During the year 2013–14, the achievement has been 2114 ha against a target of 2560 ha. Year wise afforestation activities carried out from the year 2008-09 to 2013–14 (up to January, 2014):
|Year||Area covered under afforestation and silvicultural work(In hectare)||Saplings planted (in lakhs)||Saplings distributed(in lakhs)|
a. Status of Compensatory Afforestation as on September 2013
|Sl.No.||Description||Forest land||Non-forest land||Total|
|1.||Target as per stipulation for Compensatory Afforestation (In ha.)||20670||31021||51691|
|2.||Area covered under compensatory Afforestation (In ha.)||14799||27377||42176|
9. Medicinal Species Conservation Programme
- For in–situ conservation of medicinal plants six Medicinal Plant Conservation Areas (MPCA) of 200 ha each have been established in the State at – Tamana RF of Khurda Division, Kapilash RF of Dhenkanal Division, Gurudonger RF of Khariar Division, Satakosia RF of Karanjia Division, Pradhanpat RF of Deogarh Division and Kansaridiha PRF of Rajnagar WL Division.
- These MPCAs have been set up as “hands off” area where no exploitation or harvest of any kind is to be permitted.
- Conservation and sustainable use of Saraca asoca, is implemented over 500 ha. in Khordha, Keonjhar, Baripada and Karanjia Forest Divisions at a project cost of Rs. 209.6 lakhs.
- Conservation and resources augmentation of Dasamul species (Bel, Gamhari, Phanphena, Padhel, Denga bheji, Argimantha, Ankaranti, Gokhur, Iswar jata and Salaparni) over 360 ha. is implemented in Bolangir, Bargarh and Sambalpur (North) Divisions at a project cost of Rs. 344.26 lakhs.
- Ekamra Vana, a garden was conceived as a site for tranquility and harmony in an ambience of Medicinal Plants at Bindusagar. It is an example of quality works by the local stone carvers and stone mason drawing inspiration from the ancient sculptures.